alexa Primary Immunization among Children in Malaysia: Reason
ISSN: 2157-7560

Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Primary Immunization among Children in Malaysia: Reasons for Incomplete Vaccination

Noor Ani Ahmad1*, Rohani Jahis2, Lim Kuang Kuay1, Rasidah Jamaluddin1 and Tahir Aris1

1Institute for Public Health, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Malaysia

2Disease Control Division, Ministry of Health Malaysia, Malaysia

*Corresponding Author:
Noor Ani Ahmad
Centre for Family Health Research, Institute for Public Health
Ministry of Health Malaysia, Jln Bangsar
50590 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Tel: +603-22979400/441
Fax: +602-22823114
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: April 24, 2017; Accepted date: May 02, 2017; Published date: May 08, 2017

Citation: Ahmad NA, Jahis R, Kuay LK, Jamaluddin R, Aris T (2017) Primary Immunization among Children in Malaysia: Reasons for Incomplete Vaccination. J Vaccines Vaccin 8:358. doi:10.4172/2157-7560.1000358

Copyright: © 2017 Ahmad NH, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Objective: Incomplete primary immunization against vaccine preventable diseases is a significant public health problem. This study aimed to identify population at-risk for incomplete immunization and their associated factors.

Methods: Data on immunization module from the National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS) 2016 was analysed. This survey was conducted as a nation-wide community based survey using stratified random sampling design. Immunization history of children aged 12 to 23 months from the randomly selected addresses were taken from their mothers by face-to-face interview using mobile device. The information was verified with vaccination cards.

Results: Out of 11,388 eligible respondents, 10,140 responded to the survey; 89.0% response rate. The prevalence of incomplete immunization was 4.5%, while non-immunised was 0.1%. Logistic regression analysis revealed that children at-risk of incomplete immunization or being non-immunised were girls, residing in urban areas, have mothers who do not believe that vaccine can prevent spread of disease and mothers who had pregnancy care at private healthcare facilities. Among reasons given for incomplete or non-uptake of immunization were due to either private healthcare facilities reasons; vaccine stock shortage or not due for immunization yet, or personal reasons; 'no time', forgotten', 'refused vaccine', and 'doubt halal status'.

Conclusion: Children with incomplete immunization in Malaysia were more likely to come from urban areas and received care at private healthcare facilities. A standard schedule for all healthcare facilities and single registry may be suitable strategies to be implemented, in order to ensure high vaccination coverage in Malaysia.

Keywords

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords