alexa Probability Distribution of Turbulent Velocity Fluctuations in a Patchy Vegetated Open Channel | OMICS International| Abstract

ISSN: 2165-784X

Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering

  • Research Article   
  • J Civil Environ Eng 2017, Vol 7(5): 284
  • DOI: 10.4172/2165-784X.1000284

Probability Distribution of Turbulent Velocity Fluctuations in a Patchy Vegetated Open Channel

Olatunji Peter Folorunso*
School of Civil Engineering, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, UK
*Corresponding Author : Olatunji Peter Folorunso, School of Civil Engineering, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, UK, Tel: +44 (0)121 414 3344, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Jul 07, 2017 / Accepted Date: Sep 28, 2017 / Published Date: Oct 04, 2017

Abstract

The probability density function (PDF) for the stream wise velocity fluctuations was obtained for various cross sections in a patchy vegetated open channel. The pdf obtained for all the cross sections appeared to be qualitatively Gaussian, hence adequate to predict the extreme values arising from coherent structures of the patchy vegetated open channel for two experimental conditions. Relative to gravel bed, it is shown that the vegetation stem density produces asymmetric velocity fluctuations over the vegetated bed due to more distortion of large scale flow structures. At the boundary region however, the pdf is negatively skewed in experiment two relative to experiment one. This asymmetry is attributed to the enhanced lateral transport of momentum at the boundary region.

Keywords: Momentum; Gaussian; Open channel; Coherent structures; Probability density function (PDF)

Citation: Folorunso OP (2017) Probability Distribution of Turbulent Velocity Fluctuations in a Patchy Vegetated Open Channel. J Civil Environ Eng 7:284. Doi: 10.4172/2165-784X.1000284

Copyright: © 2017 Folorunso OP. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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