Problem-Based Learning (PBL) Versus Lecture based Learning (LBL): Effect on the Development of Critical Thinking, Problem Solving and Self Directive Learning Skills in Nursing Students
Received Date: Jul 17, 2019 / Accepted Date: Sep 18, 2019 / Published Date: Sep 25, 2019
Background: Although there is much literature on Problem-Based Learning (PBL) in medical and nursing education, there is little from the cultural perspective. Therefore, the study aims to examine the outcome abilities including critical thinking, problem-solving, and self-directed learning of nursing students receiving PBL vs. traditional lecture.
Methods: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) design was used with 85 undergraduate students who studied in level seven and were enrolled to a psychiatric nursing course. Four instruments were used including: 20-items selfreport PBL Evaluation Questionnaire (PBLEQ). The Self-assessment Scale on Active Learning and Critical Thinking (SSACT) scale consists of 14 items of two domains “active learning” and “critical thinking.” All scales had good reliability with coefficient alpha >0.8.
Results: the survey response rates were 100%, the study results revealed that the experimental group was considered PBL is effective in their learning process (t=3.568; p ≤ 0.05). The overall SSACT also showed a significant difference in experimental group at pre and post intervention (t=6.413; p ≤ 0.05). There was also a significantly different percentage score between experimental and control group in pretest (t=2.374 p ≤ 0.05).
Conclusion: This study offers information on student’s perspective regarding the effectiveness of PBL in constructing professional knowledge, developing problem solving skills, developing self-directed learning, and improving motivation. Moreover, it promotes effective group collaboration and enhances active learning and critical thinking. Therefore, PBL is easily considered as an alternative method of teaching nursing students since, it helps students act as professionals in clinical situations with insufficient information and encourages them to think not only deeply, but also rigorously while developing lifelong learning skills.
Keywords: Active learner; Constructivists; Nursing; Problem solving; Self-directed learning; Traditional learning
Citation: Al-Najar H, Khalil AI, Bakar SAA, Aziz NSA (2019) Problem-Based Learning (PBL) Versus Lecture based Learning (LBL): Effect on the Development of Critical Thinking, Problem Solving and Self Directive Learning Skills in Nursing Students. J Nurs Care 8: 489.
Copyright: © 2019 Al-Najar H, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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