Problems and Pitfalls in ICZM Implementation: Lessons from Some Selected Mediterranean and Black Sea CasesStefano Soriani*, Fabrizia Buono and Monica Camuffo
Department of Economics, Ca’ Foscari University, Venice, Italy
- Corresponding Author:
- Prof. Stefano Soriani
Department of Economics
Ca’ Foscari University
Tel: +39 041 234 9160
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: July 20, 2015; Accepted Date: August 20, 2015; Published Date: August 27, 2015
Citation: Soriani S, Buono F, Camuffo M (2015) Problems and Pitfalls in ICZM Implementation: Lessons from Some Selected Mediterranean and Black Sea Cases. J Coast Zone Manag 18:S1-002. doi: 10.4172/2473-3350.1000S1-002
Copyright: © 2015 Soriani S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Integrated Coastal Zone Management is widely recognised as a set of principles, approaches and tools for the sustainable development of coastal zones. However, while its importance as a theoretical framework for approaching the complexity of coastal governance is not opinable, the problem of translating ICZM principles into every-day management practice still represents a basic point to deal with. This paper aims at clarifying the most important elements that hinder ICZM adoption and implementation. To this purpose, it critically evaluates the results of the EU FP7 Project PEGASO (People for Ecosystem-based Governance in Assessing Sustainable development of Ocean and coast). The project considered ICZM efforts and initiatives in 10 case studies, 7 in the Mediterranean Sea and 3 in the Black Sea. The study confirms that dealing with the multi-scale nature of coastal governance, the poor coordination of policies and administrative fragmentation, the dictatorship of sectoral approaches, the difficulty to promote integration, both thematic and geographic, the complex relationship between voluntary agreements and statutory frameworks, the difficult relationship between science and decision making, and the problem of the sustainability over time of ICZM initiatives and efforts still represent the main factors that hamper a wider adoption of ICZM in the considered cases.