Processing and Characterization of Cockle Shell Calcium Carbonate (CaCO3) Bioceramic for Potential Application in Bone Tissue EngineeringMd Enamul Hoque1*, Muhammad Shehryar1 and Khandakar Md Nurul Islam2
- *Corresponding Author:
- Enamul Hoque Md
Department of Mechanical
Materials and Manufacturing Engineering
University of Nottingham, Malaysia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: August 07, 2013; Accepted Date: November 14, 2013; Published Date: November 20, 2013
Citation: Hoque Md E, Shehryar M, Nurul Islam K Md (2013) Processing and Characterization of Cockle Shell Calcium Carbonate (CaCO3) Bioceramic for Potential Application in Bone Tissue Engineering. J Material Sci Eng 2:132. doi: 10.4172/2169-0022.1000132
Copyright: © 2013 Hoque Md E. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Cockle shell CaCO3 bioceramic is potential for multiple tissue engineering applications. The powder was produced by cleansing the cockle shells to remove all the dirt from the shell’s surface followed by crushing them into CaCO3 powder. The powder was characterized using X–Ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Energy Dispersive X-Ray Analyser (EDXA) and Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR). Aragonite phase was observed in cockle shell CaCO3 powder and calcite phase was observed in commercial CaCO3 by XRD. SEM analysis revealed the structure of cockle shell CaCO3 powder to be rod-like aragonite crystals whereas commercial CaCO3 had cube-like calcite crystals. The EDX outcomes showed that the cockle shell CaCO3 powder had more carbon and oxygen as compared to commercial CaCO3. FT-IR results also attested aragonite phase in cockle shell CaCO3 powder and it also showed the existence of carbonate groups in cockle shell CaCO3 powder as well as commercial CaCO3 powder.