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ISSN: 2157-7633

Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy
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Research Article

Promising Therapeutic Effects of Cell Sheet Implantation with a Pedicle Omentum Flap to Enhance the Angiogenic Response to Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

Yasuhiro Shudo1, Shigeru Miyagawa1, Satsuki Fukushima1, Satoshi Kainuma1, Atsuhiro Saito1, Koichi Toda1, Hiroyuki Nishi1, Yasushi Yoshikawa1, Akima Harada1, Toshihiko Asanuma3, Satoshi Nakatani3, Tatsuya Shimizu2, Teruo Okano2 and YoshikiSawa1*

1Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka, Japan

2Institute of Advanced Biomedical Engineering and Science, Tokyo Women’s Medical University, Tokyo, Japan

3Department of Health Sciences, Division of Functional Diagnostics, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Japan

Corresponding Author:
Yoshiki Sawa, MD, PhD
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery
Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine
Osaka, Japan
Tel: +81-6-6879-3154
Fax: +81-6-6879-3163
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: December 12, 2013; Accepted Date: January 17, 2014; Published Date: January 20, 2014

Citation: Shudo Y, Miyagawa S, Fukushima S, Kainuma S, Saito A, et al. (2014) Promising Therapeutic Effects of Cell Sheet Implantation with a Pedicle Omentum Flap to Enhance the Angiogenic Response to Ischemic Cardiomyopathy. J Stem Cell Res Ther 4:159. doi:10.4172/2157-7633.1000159

Copyright: © 2014 Shudo Y, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Introduction: We previously reported that skeletal myoblast (SMB) sheets induced the functional recovery of distressed myocardium in a large or small animal heart failure model via the paracrine effect of cytokines; however, this method was limited by poor vascular network and cell retention. We hypothesized that wrapping the cell sheet with pedicle omentum—a well-vascularized organ delivering different stem cell types and releasing various angiogenic and anti-inflammatory factors—might support retention of the implanted cells and enhance the therapeutic effects of the cell sheet technique on ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM). Methods and results: The ICM model was generated by inducing anterior myocardial infarction for 4 weeks in mini-pigs; whereas the scaffold-free cell sheets were generated from autologous SMBs in vitro. The cell sheets were placed on the infarct area with or without pedicle omentum wrapping. Mini-pigs that received the omentum flap only or no treatment were used as controls. The quantity of ironoxide-labeled transplanted cells was significantly greater with omentum wrapping than without at 8 weeks after treatment (60 ± 9% vs. 32 ± 4%) as determined by magnetic resonance imaging. Implantation of the cell sheet wrapped with omentum significantly improved the left ventricle systolic function, increased blood perfusion, and accelerated therapeutic vessel growth into the host ischemic myocardium. The inflammatory effect was more attenuated following implantation of the cell sheet wrapped with omentum. Conclusions: Use of the SMB cell sheet wrapped with pedicle omentum flap enhanced cell retention and promoted mature and functional microvasculature in porcine ICM model, thereby improving myocardial function.

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