alexa Proximate and Major Mineral Composition of 23 Medium Sized Marine Fin Fishes Landed in the Thoothukudi Coast of India | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2155-9600

Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences
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Research Article

Proximate and Major Mineral Composition of 23 Medium Sized Marine Fin Fishes Landed in the Thoothukudi Coast of India

Palani kumar M1, Ruba Annathai A1, Jeya Shakila R1* and Shanmugam SA2

1Department of Fish Quality Assurance and Management, Fisheries College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Fisheries University, Tuticorin, India

2Department of Fish Processing Technology, Fisheries College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Fisheries University, Tuticorin, India

*Corresponding Author:
Jeya Shakila R
Department of Fish Quality Assurance and Management
Fisheries College and Research Institute
Tamil Nadu Fisheries University, Tuticorin 628 008, India
Tel: +91-461-2950180, +91-9443453184
Fax: +91-461-2950180
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: October 23, 2013; Accepted date: January 22, 2014; Published date: January 27, 2014

Citation: Palani kumar M, Ruba Annathai A, Jeya Shakila R, Shanmugam SA (2014) Proximate and Major Mineral Composition of 23 Medium Sized Marine Fin Fishes Landed in the Thoothukudi Coast of India. J Nutr Food Sci 4:259. doi: 10.4172/2155-9600.1000259

Copyright: © 2014 Palani kumar M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Twenty three marine fin fishes landed in Thoothukudi Coast of India were examined for their proximate and major mineral composition to determine their nutrition value. The average moisture content ranged from 67.23 to 80.48%. Majority of fishes (69%) had the average protein contents between 15 to 20%. Coral reef fishes of the genera, Lutjanus, Nemipterus and Scolopsis had high protein content (>21%).The fat content varied widely from 0.24 to 14.72%, with Leiognathus dussumieri being the most fatty fish (14.72 %). The average ash contents of most of 87% of fishes were < 2% and two species, Nemipterus japonicus and Epinephelus areolatus had high values of 3.92% and 3.79%, respectively. Most of fishes are rich source of phosphorus. A Species of Lutjanus and Epinephelus had high iron and calcium contents. The total energy value seemed too high for Leiognathus dussumieri (174 kcal) and Dussumieri acuta (150 kcal), mainly due to their fat contents

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