alexa Psidium Guajava (Guava): A Plant of Multipurpose Medicinal Applications
ISSN: 2167-0412

Medicinal & Aromatic Plants
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Review Article

Psidium Guajava (Guava): A Plant of Multipurpose Medicinal Applications

Sandra M. Barbalho1,2*, Flávia M. V. Farinazzi-Machado2, Ricardo de Alvares Goulart3, Anna Cláudia Saad Brunnati2, Alda Maria Machado Bueno Ottoboni4 and Cláudia Cristina Teixeira Nicolau4
1Department of Biochemistry and Pharmacology, School of Medicine, University of Marília (UNIMAR), Av. Higino Muzzi Filho 1001, Marília 15525-902, SP, Brazil.
2Department of Biochemistry and Nutrition, Faculty of Food Technology of Marília, Av. Castro Alves, 62, Marília 17506-000, SP, Brazil.
3School of Medicine - FAMEMA, Av. Monte Carmelo, 800 – Marília, SP CEP 17519-030, SP, Brazil.
4Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Food Technology of Marília (FATEC), Av. Castro Alves, 62, Marília 17506-000, SP, Brazil.
Corresponding Author : Dr. Sandra Maria Barbalho
Av. Sampio Vidal
300 Bairro Barbosa, Marília
São Paulo, Brazil
Tel: 0055 14 9655-3190 or 0055 14 34133487
E-mail: [email protected]
Received April 20, 2012; Accepted May 15, 2012; Published May 28, 2012
Citation: SM Barbalho, Farinazzi-Machado FMV, de Alvares Goulart R, Brunnati ACS, Otoboni AM, et al (2012) Psidium Guajava (Guava): A Plant of Multipurpose Medicinal Applications. Med Aromat Plants 1:104. doi: 10.4172/2167-0412.1000104
Copyright: © 2012 SM Barbalho, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Chronic degenerative diseases have reached epidemic proportions in industrialized and developing countries. Many studies have shown that plant can be helpful to prevent or treat diseases. Psidium guajava is a small medicinal tree that is native to South America and Brazil is among the world’s top producers and most of the country’s production is destined for the food industry. It is popularly known as guava and has been used traditionally as a medicinal plant throughout the world for a number of ailments. The aim of this review is to present some chemical compounds in P. guajava and their pharmacological effects. The main constituents of guava leaves are phenolic compounds, isoflavonoids, gallic acid, catechin, epicathechin, rutin, naringenin, kaempferol. The pulp is rich in ascorbic acid, carotenoids (lycopene, β-carotene and β-cryptoxanthin). The seeds, skin and barks possess glycosids, carotenoids and phenolic compounds. All parts of the plant have been used for different purposes: hepatoprotection, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, anti-cancer, antimicrobial, anti-hyperglycemic, analgesic, endothelial progenitor cells, anti-stomachache and anti-diarrhea. P. guajava has many effects on health and that it should be researched more extensively in clinical trials. Furthermore leaves, seeds and peel are treated as wastes by the food processing industry and are discarded, so their use may reduce the disposal of these parts of guava as pollutants.

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