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Psychosocial Correlates of Depression in Children and Adolescents with Epilepsy in a Nigeria Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2165-7920

Journal of Clinical Case Reports
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Research Article

Psychosocial Correlates of Depression in Children and Adolescents with Epilepsy in a Nigeria Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital

Ogun OC1, Gbiri CA2*, Akinola OA1, Akinola OE1, Ajirotutu OF1, Fasesan OA1 and Oye AO1
1Federal Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria
2College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Idi-Araba, Lagos, Nigeria
Corresponding Author : Caleb Ademola Gbiri
College of Medicine
University of Lagos, Idi-Araba
Lagos, Nigeria
Tel: +23-48033598072
E-mail: [email protected]
Received January 20, 2012; Accepted May 23, 2012; Published June 04, 2012
Citation: Ogun OC, Gbiri CA, Akinola OA, Akinola OE, Ajirotutu OF, et al. (2012) Psychosocial Correlates of Depression in Children and Adolescents with Epilepsy in a Nigeria Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital. J Clin Case Rep 2:152. doi:10.4172/2165-7920.1000152
Copyright: © 2012 Ogun OC, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Background: Depression is mostly reported psychiatric disorders in children with epilepsy.
Aim: To investigate prevalence of depression among Nigeria children and adolescents with epilepsy and explore associated variables.
Methods: Study involved 57 participants between 7-18years, diagnosed of epilepsy in a Nigeria mental-healthinstitution. Depression and illnesses-perception were assessed using Child-Attitude-towards-Illness-Scale and Center-for-Epidemiology-Study-Depression-Scale respectively. Data was analysed using Spearman’s Correlation Coefficients and multiple regression (p < 0.05).
Results: Participants were aged 13.8 ± 3.3years with onset of seizure between 1-17 years (mode = 9years) and presentation in the clinic between 2-17 years (mode = 11years). About 40% were diagnosed of depression. About 44% had varied educational problems. There was significant correlation between depression and each of educationallevel and seizure frequency at presentation. Seizure frequency predicted depression and felt-stigma. Parent’s socioeconomic status predicted seizure frequency.
Conclusion: There is high prevalence of depression in Nigeria children and adolescents with epilepsy. Epilepsy has negative impact on the psycho-social status of its sufferers.

Keywords

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