Psychosocial Correlates of Depression in Children and Adolescents with Epilepsy in a Nigeria Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital
|Ogun OC1, Gbiri CA2*, Akinola OA1, Akinola OE1, Ajirotutu OF1, Fasesan OA1 and Oye AO1|
|1Federal Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital, Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria|
|2College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Idi-Araba, Lagos, Nigeria|
|Corresponding Author :||Caleb Ademola Gbiri
College of Medicine
University of Lagos, Idi-Araba
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received January 20, 2012; Accepted May 23, 2012; Published June 04, 2012|
|Citation: Ogun OC, Gbiri CA, Akinola OA, Akinola OE, Ajirotutu OF, et al. (2012) Psychosocial Correlates of Depression in Children and Adolescents with Epilepsy in a Nigeria Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital. J Clin Case Rep 2:152. doi:10.4172/2165-7920.1000152|
|Copyright: © 2012 Ogun OC, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Background: Depression is mostly reported psychiatric disorders in children with epilepsy.
Aim: To investigate prevalence of depression among Nigeria children and adolescents with epilepsy and explore associated variables.
Methods: Study involved 57 participants between 7-18years, diagnosed of epilepsy in a Nigeria mental-healthinstitution. Depression and illnesses-perception were assessed using Child-Attitude-towards-Illness-Scale and Center-for-Epidemiology-Study-Depression-Scale respectively. Data was analysed using Spearman’s Correlation Coefficients and multiple regression (p < 0.05).
Results: Participants were aged 13.8 ± 3.3years with onset of seizure between 1-17 years (mode = 9years) and presentation in the clinic between 2-17 years (mode = 11years). About 40% were diagnosed of depression. About 44% had varied educational problems. There was significant correlation between depression and each of educationallevel and seizure frequency at presentation. Seizure frequency predicted depression and felt-stigma. Parent’s socioeconomic status predicted seizure frequency.
Conclusion: There is high prevalence of depression in Nigeria children and adolescents with epilepsy. Epilepsy has negative impact on the psycho-social status of its sufferers.