alexa Public Participation of Men Who Have Sex with Men in the Context of Community Empowerment in India | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN 2155-6113

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research
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Research Article

Public Participation of Men Who Have Sex with Men in the Context of Community Empowerment in India

Karikalan Nagarajan2, Seema Sahay1*, Deepika Ganju3 and Ramesh S Paranjape2

1National AIDS Research Institute (ICMR), Pune, India

2Formerly associated with National AIDS Research Institute (ICMR), Pune, India

3Population Council, New Delhi, India

*Corresponding Author:
Seema Sahay
Department of Social & Behavioral Research Division
National AIDS Research Institute, Pune, India
Tel: 91-20-27331200
Fax: 91-20-27121071
E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]

Received date: September 08, 2015; Accepted date: October 13, 2015; Published date: October 19, 2015

Citation: Nagarajan K, Sahay S, Ganju D, Paranjape RS (2015) Public Participation of Men Who Have Sex with Men in the Context of Community Empowerment in India. J AIDS Clin Res 6:509. doi:10.4172/2155-6113.1000509

Copyright: © 2015 Nagarajan K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Background: Men who have sex with men (MSM) remain a hidden and hard-to-reach high-risk group. MSM experience stigma, discrimination and criminalization in India. The organized participation of MSM in “public spaces” --through which they openly identify themselves as MSM, address social stigma, and demand their rights and entitlements-- is an indicator of their empowerment process against structural barriers. This paper assesses MSMs’ “public participation” and the contextual factors that influence them.

Method: Data were drawn from a cross-sectional Integrated Behavioral and Biological -Assessment survey conducted during 2009-2010 in Tamil Nadu, India. Information was collected on the socio-demographic characteristics, public participation, community mobilization, vulnerability and risk status of 1757 MSM. Two set of measures thought to influence MSMs’ public participation were considered-- “push” factors and “pull “factors. Pull factors were related to MSMs’ community mobilization status and push factors were related to MSMs’ risk and vulnerability.

Results: Almost half of the MSM (48%) reported public participation in the past six months. Univariate and Multiple regression analysis shows that pull factors [exposure to peer education (OR 8.2 (4.0-16.6); AOR-6.1(1.9-19.4); p<0.05), collective membership (OR 10.2 (6.4-16.3); AOR 9.7 CI 5.9-15.9; P<0.05) and collective agency (OR 3.2 (2.0-5.2); AOR 4.3 (2.3-8.1 P<0.05)] influence MSMs’ likelihood of participating in public spaces. Experience of police arrest was a push factor that influenced MSMs’ likelihood of participating in public places (AOR-3.7 CI 1.6-8.4 P<0.05).

Conclusion: The community mobilization strategy is effective in fostering MSMs’ “public participation;” through this strategy MSM can address structural barriers and the program can be upscale. Public participation of MSM can serve as a key indicator of the empowerment process in a stigmatized society.


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