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Pulmonary Nocardiosis in a Kidney Transplant Recipient: A Case Report and Review of the Literature | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2161-0991

Journal of Transplantation Technologies & Research
Open Access

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Case Report

Pulmonary Nocardiosis in a Kidney Transplant Recipient: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Yaich S*, Charfeddine K, Zaghdane S, El Aoud N, Masmoudi M, Kharrat M and Hachicha J

Department of Nephrology, Hedi chaker Hospital Sfax, Tunisia

*Corresponding Author:
Soumaya Yaich
Route el Ain km 0.5
Department of Nephrology
Hedi Chaker Hospital Sfax, Tunisia
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: August 05, 2011; Accepted Date: October 28, 2011; Published Date: November 01, 2011

Citation: Yaich S, Charfeddine K, Zaghdane S, El Aoud N, Masmoudi M, et al. (2011) Pulmonary Nocardiosis in a Kidney Transplant Recipient: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. J Transplant Technol Res 1: 101. doi: 10.4172/2161-0991.1000101

Copyright: © 2011 Yaich S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Nocardiosis is a life threatening disease in solid organ transplant recipients. It is an uncommon but important infection for these patients. We report a case of 37- year-old kidney recipient who developed pulmonary nocardiosis that was successfully treated with intravenous imipenem and tetracyclines in conjunction with a reduction in immunosuppressive therapy. Four years later, graft function remains stable with complete regression of radiological abnormalities and absence of relapses. This case emphasizes the role of new potent immunosuppressants and diabetes in the occurrence of opportunistic infections. Nocardiosis should be suspected in the presence of pulmonary symptoms with unusual radiological presentation.

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