Q Fever: A Re-Emerging Disease?
- *Corresponding Author:
- Maged El-Ashker
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Mansoura University, Egypt
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: May 28, 2012; Accepted date: August 24, 2012; Published date: August 26, 2012
Citation: Gwida M, El-Ashker M, Khan I (2012) Q Fever: A Re-Emerging Disease? J Vet Sci Technol 3:120. doi:10.4172/2157-7579.1000120
Copyright: © 2012 Gwida M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Q fever is a mainly airborne zoonosis with public health concern throughout the world caused by the highly contagious, obligate intracellular bacteria Coxiella burnetii. It is an important occupational zoonosis since its discovery in 1935; it has been shown to infect a wide range of hosts, including humans. Although Q fever is a disease closely related to occupations such as handling livestock, most of the previous studies concerned with general population. A recent outbreak in Europe reminds us that this is still a significant pathogen of concern, very transmissible with a very low infectious dose. For these reasons it has also featured regularly on various threat lists, as it may be considered to be used as a bio-weapon. Therefore, we reviewed the literatures on Q fever to highlight the epidemiologic, economic and public health impact of Q fever as a basis for designing effective control strategies.