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ISSN: 2155-9570

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
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Research Article

Quality of Life and Burden of Care in Glaucoma Patients and Their Families in a South Asian Population

Neha Kumari, Surinder Singh Pandav*, Parul Chawla Gupta, Debasish Basu, Sushmita Kaushik, Srishti Raj, Anupam Banger and Jagat Ram

Department of Ophthalmology, Post-graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Advanced Eye Center, India

*Corresponding Author:
Surinder Singh Pandav
Department of Ophthalmology
Advanced Eye Centre
Post-graduate Institute for Medical Education and Research
Sector 12, Chandigarh, 160012. India
Tel: 91-9914142697
Fax: 91-172-2747837
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: May 03, 2017; Accepted date: July 26, 2017; Published date: August 1, 2017

Citation: Kumari N, Pandav SS, Gupta PC, Basu D, Kaushik S, et al. (2017) Quality of Life and Burden of Care in Glaucoma Patients and Their Families in a South Asian Population. J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 8:669. doi:10.4172/2155-9570.1000669

Copyright: © 2017 Kumari N, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Purpose: To study the quality of life and burden of care in glaucoma patients and their families and to compare it with cataract patients.

Methods: This was an observational, prospective, cross-sectional study in which 100 glaucoma patients and 50 patients with age -related cataract as controls, 40 years of age or older were enrolled. Patients were interviewed to obtain information on visual disability and vision-specific quality of life using NEI VFQ-25 and on general quality of life using WHOQoL-BREF. Burden of care of glaucoma was assessed using Family Burden Interview Schedule. Scores of these three questionnaires were taken as main outcome measures.

Results: Scores for patients with glaucoma were significantly lower than those with cataract in visual function, social function, mental health, role difficulties and dependency sub-scales in NEI VFQ-25 questionnaire (P<0.05). General quality of life scores were significantly poor in glaucoma as compared to cataract patients in all domains of WHOQoL-BREF questionnaire including general well-being, physical health, psychological, social relationship and environment (P<0.05). There was more burden of care in glaucoma patients and their families as compared to cataract patients in Family Burden Interview Schedule questionnaire for all sub-scales including financial burden, disruption of routine family activities, family leisure, family interaction, physical health and mental health (P<0.05).

Conclusions: The general quality of life was poor, and influence of limitation in visual functioning on health related quality of life, and burden of care was significantly higher in glaucoma patients as compared to cataract patients.

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