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Quality of Life in the Older Population in Sudan-Illustrated by Maslow's Hierarchical Levels, Experienced Loneliness, and the Importance of Social Support | Abstract
ISSN: 2167-7182

Journal of Gerontology & Geriatric Research
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Research Article

Quality of Life in the Older Population in Sudan-Illustrated by Maslow's Hierarchical Levels, Experienced Loneliness, and the Importance of Social Support

Eltayeb W1*, Ericsson K1, Theorell T3 and Ljunggren G1,2
1Karolinska Institute, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, University of Khartoum, Sudan
2Centre for Care Development, Stockholm County Council, Stockholm, Sweden
3National Institute of Psychosocial Factors and Health, Karolinska Institute, Sweden
Corresponding Author : Wafaa Eltayeb
University of Khartoum Postgraduate Studies
Faculty of Arts
Department of Psychology, Sudan
E-mail: [email protected]
Received September 03, 2012; Accepted October 18, 2012; Published October 20, 2012
Citation: Eltayeb W, Ericsson K, Theorell T, Ljunggren G (2012) Quality of Life in the Older Population in Sudan-Illustrated by Maslow’s Hierarchical Levels, Experienced Loneliness, and the Importance of Social Support. J Gerontol Geriat Res 1:113. doi:10.4172/2167-7182.1000113
Copyright: © 2012 Eltayeb W, et al.. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Sudan is one of the countries where the rate of the economically active population is particularly high. The extended family system is still the dominant system in the Sudanese society. The aim of this present study is to understand the concept of quality of life (QoL) with reference to Maslow’s hierarchical level and experienced loneliness for a group of older Sudanese individuals. Forty-two Sudanese older subjects, between 60 and 85 years have participated in the study. Data collected and tools used are an open question about QoL, UCLA scale of loneliness, and a pre-coded and pretested designed question for the collection of social support. Main categories of quality of life, stressed by the older Sudanese, were the religious matters, socioeconomic situation and family and social support. Loneliness questions indicate that participants always felt in tune with people around them. The concept of QoL and experienced loneliness are strongly related to Maslow’s hierarchical level.


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