alexa Racial Disparities in the Utilization of Prophylactic Vaccinations and Inoculations in the U.S. Hospitals | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7420

Journal of Health & Medical Informatics
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Research Article

Racial Disparities in the Utilization of Prophylactic Vaccinations and Inoculations in the U.S. Hospitals

Mohammad A Faysel* and Rachel T Assenza

Medical Informatics Program, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Mohammad A Faysel
Medical Informatics Program, SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA
Tel: 7182707693
Fax: 7182707739
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: September 29, 2016; Accepted Date: October 22, 2016; Published Date: October 30, 2016

Citation: Faysel MA, Assenza RT (2016) Racial Disparities in the Utilization of Prophylactic Vaccinations and Inoculations in the U.S. Hospitals. J Health Med Inform 7:245. doi: 10.4172/2157-7420.1000245

Copyright: © 2016 Faysel MA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Objective: To examine racial disparities in the in-hospital utilization of frequently performed prophylactic vaccinations and inoculations in the U.S. Methods: Using 2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) data, unadjusted Relative Risks (RRs) were calculated to compare the use of prophylactic vaccinations and inoculations between White and Black; White and Hispanic; White and Asian or Pacific Islander; and White and Native American for live birth; asthma; short gestation, low birth weight and fetal growth retardation; and other perinatal conditions. RRs were also calculated using patients’ insurance statuses to further verify procedure use among new-borns. Results: Whites were significantly less likely to receive prophylactic vaccinations and inoculations than all other races for live birth (p<0.0001), and asthma (p<0.05). Overall, White new-borns were also significantly less likely to receive prophylactic vaccinations than most of new-borns of other races when insurance status was compared. Conclusion: Whites were less likely than other races to receive prophylactic vaccinations and inoculations in the U.S. hospitals.

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