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ISSN: 2471-268X

Health Economics & Outcome Research: Open Access
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Short Communication

Recent Changes in the Infant Mortality Rates of Blacks and Whites in the United States

Rati Ram*

Economics Department, Illinois State University, IL 61790-4200, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Rati Ram
Economics Department
Illinois State University
IL 61790-4200, USA
Tel: 3094387101
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: May 08, 2017; Accepted Date: May 13, 2017; Published Date: May 20, 2017

Citation: Ram R (2017) Recent Changes in the Infant Mortality Rates of Blacks and Whites in the United States. Health Econ Outcome Res 3:130.doi: 10.4172/2471-268X.1000130

Copyright: © 2017 Ram R. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

In the context of large differences in the Infant Mortality Rates (IMRs) of Blacks and Whites in the United States, changes in the rates for the two groups over the period 2007-2014 are compared. The comparisons indicate four main points. First, the declines for the entire United States are fairly similar at 16.7% and 14.3% for Blacks and Whites respectively. Second, the excess of decline in Black IMR during the period is considerably smaller than that during 2000-2007 when the declines were 6.4% and 1.8% for Blacks and Whites respectively. Third, there is huge diversity in the levels of IMR, and the rates of declines, across the U.S. states and the two races. For example, of the 34 states for which comparisons could be made, the decline in Black IMR is smaller than in White IMR for 13 states, including Alabama, Arizona, California, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Washington. There are two states (Alabama and Washington) where Black IMR increased during the period while White IMR declined. Fourth, therefore, the US government's goal of eliminating racial disparities in IMRs (and other health indicators) is unlikely to be reached in the foreseeable future. Consequently, the position of the United States in the global rankings of IMRs is unlikely to improve much in the near future.

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