Recent Diagnostic Techniques in Mycology
- *Corresponding Author:
- Malhotra S
Department of Microbiology
PGIMER and associated RML Hospital, CCRUM, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date:April 10, 2014; Accepted Date: July 14, 2014; Published Date: July 16, 2014
Citation: Malhotra S, Sharma S, Bhatia NJK, Kumar P, Bhatia NK, et al. (2014) Recent Diagnostic Techniques in Mycology. J Med Microb Diagn 3:146. doi: 10.4172/2161-0703.1000146
Copyright: 2014 Malhotra S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The frequency of fungal infections, especially of Invasive Fungal Infections (IFIs), has risen dramatically in recent years, and has high morbidity and mortality. Early and accurate diagnosis is important for timely implementation of antifungal therapy and decreasing the unnecessary use of toxic antifungal agents. Conventional microbiological, histological and radiological techniques remain the cornerstone of diagnosis but are insensitive and have a limited impact on clinical decision-making. There is always a need to characterize fungi quickly and accurately which can be done by rapid diagnostic techniques like antigen detection and molecular techniques. This is a brief review of all the microbiological techniques- conventional and recent alternative techniques especially elaborating antigen detection and molecular techniques which are available for diagnosis of fungal infections.