Recent Research on Febrile Seizures: A ReviewSyndi Seinfeld DO* and John M. Pellock
Department of Neurology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, USA
- Corresponding Author:
- Syndi Seinfeld DO
Department of Neurology
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, VA 23298-0211, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: June 15, 2013; Accepted date: September 17, 2013; Published date: September 25, 2013
Citation: Syndi Seinfeld DO, Pellock JM (2013) Recent Research on Febrile Seizures: A Review. J Neurol Neurophysiol 4:165. doi:10.4172/2155-9562.1000165
Copyright: © 2013 Syndi Seinfeld DO, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Febrile seizures are common and mostly benign. They are the most common cause of seizures in children less than five years of age. There are two categories of febrile seizures, simple and complex. Both the International League against Epilepsy and the National Institute of Health has published definitions on the classification of febrile seizures. Simple febrile seizures are mostly benign, but a prolonged (complex) febrile seizure can have long term consequences. Most children who have a febrile seizure have normal health and development after the event, but there is recent evidence that suggests a small subset of children that present with seizures and fever may have recurrent seizure or develop epilepsy. This review will give an overview of the definition of febrile seizures, epidemiology, evaluation, treatment, outcomes and recent research.