alexa Referral Patterns and Clinical Outcomes for Transplant-Eligible Lymphoma and Myeloma Patients Evaluated at an Urban County Hospital
ISSN: 2157-7633

Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Open Access

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Research Article

Referral Patterns and Clinical Outcomes for Transplant-Eligible Lymphoma and Myeloma Patients Evaluated at an Urban County Hospital

Hyun D. Yun1, Tehseen Dossul2, Leon Bernal-Mizrachi2, Jeffrey Switchenko3, Chukwuma Ndibe4, Abiola Ibraheem5, Margie D. Dixon2, Amelia A. Langston2, Ajay K. Nooka2, Christopher R. Flowers2, Rebecca D. Pentz2 and Edmund K. Waller2*

1Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA

2Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA

3Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA

4Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Medicine, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA

5Department of Hematology and Oncology, University Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Edmund K. Waller, MD, PhD, FACP
Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology
Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University School of Medicine
1365b Clifton Road NE Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Tel: 404 778 2984
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: November 19, 2015 Accepted date: February 12, 2016 Published date: February 19, 2016

Citation: Don H, Dossul T, Bernal-Mizrachi L, Switchenko J, Ndibe C, et al. (2016) Referral Patterns and Clinical Outcomes for Transplant-Eligible Lymphoma and Myeloma Patients Evaluated at an Urban County Hospital. J Stem Cell Res Ther 6:328. doi:10.4172/2157-7633.1000328

Copyright: © 2016 Don H, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Disparities in clinical care have been described for patients with limited insurance coverage or social support. We hypothesized that patients with relapsed Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), or multiple myeloma (MM) treated at an urban county hospital serving indigent and under-insured patients would face barriers for referral to a private academic transplant center for autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). Charts of patients with HL, NHL, or MM treated at Grady Memorial Hospital between 2007 and 2013 were reviewed, and 215 patients with diagnosis of HD (n=40), NHL (n=96), and MM (n=79). 55 patients were referred for ASCT consults and 160 patients were not referred. Reasons for transplant non-referral included established clinical criteria (64% of cases), poor performance status (13%), refusal (4%), moved/lost-to-follow-up (4%), medical non-compliance (3%), death (3%), or referral to another hospital (1%). Non-referral based upon socio-economic criteria included: lack of legal immigration status/insurance (2%), and lack of social support/substance abuse (2%). Among the 55 referred patients, 27 patients (49%) underwent ASCT. Median follow-up for all referred patients from the time of diagnosis was 3.9 [0.7-22.7] years. 5-year survival from the date of diagnosis for patients who received ASCT was 80.2% versus 65.7% for non-transplanted patients (log-rank test, p-value=0.11). While the referral process did not demonstrate significant barriers based upon insurance or social status, further evaluation is needed to identify modifiable factors that can improve referral and assess the impact of the Affordable Care Act on access to ASCT.


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