alexa Regional Differences in the Diameter of Coronary Sinus among Black Kenyans
ISSN: 2161-0940

Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Regional Differences in the Diameter of Coronary Sinus among Black Kenyans

Ominde BS*, Odula P, Olab BO and Ogeng’o JA

Department of Human Anatomy, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya

*Corresponding Author:
Beryl S. Ominde
Department of Human Anatomy
University of Nairobi, P.O Box 30197
00100, Nairobi, Kenya
Tel: 254714482173
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: March 24, 2014; Accepted date: May 20, 2014; Published date: May 22, 2014

Citation: Ominde BS, Odula P, Olab BO, Ogeng’o JA (2014) Regional Differences in the Diameter of Coronary Sinus among Black Kenyans. Anat Physiol 4:141. doi:10.4172/2161-0940.1000141

Copyright: © 2014 Ominde BS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Background: Dimensions of the coronary sinus are important in the design of cannulation devices used in cardiac resynchronization therapy and percutaneous mitral valve annuloplasty. Gender and population variations may account for the failure rate of these procedures. Cardiac conditions requiring these procedures are common in black African populations. There are, however, hardly any studies on the regions of coronary sinus in these populations.
Objective: To describe the regional diameters of coronary sinus among black Kenyans.
Study design: Descriptive cross-sectional study.
Materials and Methods: Coronary sinuses of 74 cadaveric hearts from black adult Kenyans (43 males and 31 females) were examined at Department of Human Anatomy, University of Nairobi, Kenya. Samples were classified into male and female and weighed. The coronary sinus was identified and cleaned to expose its entire extent. The length was divided into 3 segments; proximal, middle and distal. The circumference at the middle of each segment was obtained by measuring using a nylon string. This was divided by pie (3.14) to obtain the regional diameters. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 17. Sex comparison was established using student’s t test and Pearson’s correlation test was used to determine association between the diameters and heart weight. These were considered significant at a p-value of ≤0.05. Data were presented using scatter plots and tables.
Results: The diameters at proximal, middle and distal segments were 8.67 ± 0.52 mm, 6.93 ± 0.77 mm and 5.83 ± 0.80 mm respectively. These correlated positively with weight of the heart. Females had significantly larger diameters.
Conclusion: Diameters of coronary sinus show regional differences. They decrease distally, are larger in females and show positive correlation with weight of the heart. These features should be considered during design of and insertion of cardiac devices through the coronary sinus

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords