alexa Relationship between Foot-Care Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Self Care Behaviors in Diabetic Patients in Iran (2011) | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2155-6156

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism
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Research Article

Relationship between Foot-Care Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Self Care Behaviors in Diabetic Patients in Iran (2011)

Maryam Shabany Hamedan1*, Marzieh Shabani Hamedan2 and Zeinabe sadegh Torki3

1Department of Medical-Surgical in Nursing, College of Nursing and Midwifery/paramedical science, Qazvin, University of Medical Sciences, Iran

2Department of Public health, College of health science, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran

3Department of Medical-Surgical in Nursing, College of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran

*Corresponding Author:
Maryam Shabany Hamedan
Department of Medical-Surgical in Nursing
College of Nursing and Midwifery/paramedical science Qazvin
University of Medical Sciences
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: August 22, 2012; Accepted date: October 22, 2012; Published date: October 28, 2012

Citation: Shabany Hamedan M, Hamedan MS, Torki ZS (2012) Relationship between Foot-Care Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Self Care Behaviors in Diabetic Patients in Iran (2011). J Diabetes Metab 3:220. doi:10.4172/2155-6156.1000220

Copyright: © 2012 Hamedan MS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Aims and objectives: Diabetes mellitus and its chronic complications have put a huge burden on the health care system. The diabetic patients with foot problems compared with other diabetic patients create more critical problems for the health care system. This study was done for the purpose of studying the relation between foot-care self-efficacy beliefs and self care behavior.

Method: This study was a descriptive-correlation type and was done as sectional which sampling lasted about one month. 70 diabetic patients participated in this study with a convenience sampling method. Data collection was done by clinical-demographic questionnaire and foot care self efficacy beliefs and self care behavior scales. Data analysis was done by spss15.

Result: Pearson correlation was performed and showed a negative correlation between FCCS scores and preventive behavior scores (r=0.44, p ≤ 0.001) and virtually no correlation at all between FCCS scores and potentially damaging behaviors (r=0.15, p=0.19). Also there was a relation between age and preventive behavior (F=6.42, P=0.03) and duration of diabetes and preventive behavior (F=9.65, P ≤ 0.001). Furthermore there was a relation between education level and potentially damaging behaviors (F=2.65, P=0.04).

Discussion and conclusion: Regarding these results, foot care self-efficacy beliefs and self care behaviors have a weak relationship so self-efficacy belief is directly related to self care behavior. Also patients with diabetes, especially older diabetic patients with low education level should be advised to perform self care behavior and assessed for self efficacy beliefs because they have many problems in self care.


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