alexa Relationships between Social Anxiety and Mental Health
ISSN: 2471-9900

Journal of Psychological Abnormalities
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Research Article

Relationships between Social Anxiety and Mental Health Problems in Early Adolescents from Different Socioeconomic Groups: Results from a Cross-sectional Health Survey in Norway

Berit Sofie Karlsen1*, Jocelyne Clench-Aas2, Betty Van Roy3 and Ruth Kjærsti Raanaas1

1Department of Landscape Architecture and Spatial Planning, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway

2Division of Mental Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Norway

3Division of Mental Health, Akershus University hospital, Lørenskog, Norway

Corresponding Author:
Dr. Berit Sofie Karlsen
Department of Landscape Architecture and Spatial Planning
Norwegian University of Life Sciences
P.O.Box.5003, No-1432 Aas, Norway
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: May 02, 2014; Accepted date: June 23, 2014; Published date: July 03, 2014

Citation: Karlsen BS, Clench-Aas J, Roy BV, Raanaas RK (2014) Relationships between Social Anxiety and Mental Health Problems in Early Adolescents from Different Socioeconomic Groups: Results from a Cross-sectional Health Survey in Norway. J Psychol Abnorm Child 3:120. doi:10.4172/2329-9525.1000120

Copyright: © 2014 Karlsen BS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Mental health problems in early adolescents are a public health challenge in many western communities. The aim
of this study was to examine the association between social anxiety and mental health problems, related to parental
socioeconomic status. Data from a cross-sectional survey among Norwegian school-children were used
(N=9707), targeting pupils in 5-7 grade (aged 10-13) and their parents (N=8603). The Strengths and Difficulties
Questionnaire was used for measuring mental health problems and their impact, based on self-reported data from
the children. For determining social anxiety problems, questions from Development and Well Being Assessment were
used. Parent education was used as an indicator for children`s socioeconomic status. Information on social anxiety
problems and socioeconomic status were obtained from the parental questionnaire.
We found a strong relationship between social anxiety and mental health problems in the group representing
low parental socioeconomic status (OR=2.607) compared with the group representing high socioeconomic status
(OR=1.169). Examining the individual items of the measure of social anxiety, we also found that children in the low
socioeconomic status group had a higher prevalence of problems performing in front of others.
Social inequality contributes to different mental health outcomes in children with social anxiety.


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