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ISSN: 2165-784X

Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering
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Research Article

Remediation of Used Motor Engine Oil Contaminated Soil: A Soil Washing Treatment Approach

Dike BU*,Yong-Gook Jung and Agbo KC
Department of Civil Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria, Africa
Corresponding Author : Benedicta U Dike
Department of Civil Engineering
Federal University of Technology
Owerri, Nigeria, Africa
E-mail: [email protected]
Received June 25, 2013; Accepted September 25, 2013; Published September 27, 2013
Citation: Dike BU, Okoro BC, Nwakwasi NN, Agbo KC (2013) Remediation of Used Motor Engine Oil Contaminated Soil: A Soil Washing Treatment Approach. J Civil Environ Eng 3:129. doi:10.4172/2165-784X.1000129
Copyright: © 2013 Dike BU, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

The increasing contamination of soil by used motor oil is very common and of great concern to our society because of the possible harm that it can cause the environment. Remediation of contaminated soil is the application of suitable techniques in the removal of contaminants present in soil. Contaminants like heavy metals and aromatic hydrocarbons are found in used motor oil as a result of reactions in motor engines occurring during use of motor oil. The study determined the effect of soil washing using detergent as a remediation technique for soils contaminated with used motor oil. Detergent solution was added to soil contaminated by used motor oil. After twenty four (24) hours, the concentration of heavy metals (Cr, Zn, Cd, Pb, Ar, and Cu) and Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the soil residue were determined. A control experiment was carried out for a soil sample with no used motor oil added to it. The control experiment indicated that PAHs were not present in the soil before introduction of used motor oil. The removal rate of contaminants for this technique was 63.8% for Zn, 100% for Ar, 52.9% for Cd, 67.3% for Cr, 89.2% for Pb, 43.4% for Cu and 95.6% for PAHs. Soil washing was found to be effective in remediation of soils contaminated by low concentrations of used motor oil.

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