Remembering World War I: Memory Influences and Impact on Intentions to Visit War Heritage Sites
E. Wanda George* and Mallika Das
Department of Business and Tourism, Mount Saint Vincent University, Canada
- *Corresponding Author:
- E. Wanda George
Department of Business and Tourism
Mount Saint Vincent University, Canada
Tel: 902 582-7848
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: March 06, 2017; Accepted Date: March 18, 2017; Published Date: March 24, 2017
Citation: E. Wanda George, Das M (2017) Remembering World War I: Memory Influences and Impact on Intentions to Visit War Heritage Sites. J Tourism Hospit 6: 273. doi: 10.4172/2167-0269.1000273
Copyright: © 2017 E. Wanda George, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This paper presents partial results of a large-scale multi-lingual (English, French, German, and Dutch) international study conducted in 2012, resulting in responses from over 60 countries (n=2490). This paper provides analyses of data obtained from respondents in nine countries (Australia, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland, United Kingdom, and the United States), which were involved in and impacted by the First World War (WWI). Eight factors influencing respondents’ memories of WWI (school lessons, TV news and documentaries, Internet, literature/arts, visits to WWI sites, story-telling, inheritance of memorabilia, and WWI movies), and impact of five demographic variables (country-of-origin, age, gender, education, and emotional proximity to WWI) on these factors are analyzed. Also examined is if how the way memories of WWI are formed relates to one’s intentions to visit a WWI heritage site in the near future and how it impacts support for granting UNESCO’s World Heritage Site (WHS) status to WWI battle fields. Results indicate that the way memories of WWI are formed vary by all five demographic factors and indicate that both intentions to visit a WWI heritage site in the near future and support for granting WHS status to WWI battlefields are related to how memories of WWI are formed. Implications for development and marketing of WWI heritage sites as tourism attractions are also discussed.