alexa Renal Injury in Calcium-Alkali Syndrome
ISSN: 2161-0959

Journal of Nephrology & Therapeutics
Open Access

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Special Issue Article

Renal Injury in Calcium-Alkali Syndrome

Hiromichi Yoshizawa, Yoshiyuki Morishita* and Eiji Kusano

Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi, Japan

*Corresponding Author:
Dr. Y. Morishita
Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine
Jichi Medical University, 3311-1, Yakushiji
Shimotsuke-city, Tochigi 329- 0498, Japan
Tel: 81-285-44-7346
Fax: 81-285-44-4869
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: January 31, 2012; Accepted Date: February 27, 2012; Published Date: February 29, 2012

Citation: Yoshizawa H, Morishita Y, Kusano E (2012) Renal Injury in Calcium-Alkali Syndrome. J Nephrol Therapeutic S3:006. doi:10.4172/2161-0959.S3-006

Copyright: © Morishita Y, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited



Calcium-alkali syndrome is characterized by hypercalcemia, renal injury and metabolic alkalosis. Calcium-alkali syndrome caused by calcium carbonate and vitamin D has been increasing in association with their growing use for the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis. Renal injury is the most critical factor determining the severity and prognosis of this syndrome. This review focuses on the mechanism and clinical aspects of renal injury in calcium-alkali syndrome.

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