alexa Residual Stones after Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2168-9857

Medical & Surgical Urology
Open Access

Like us on:

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Review Article

Residual Stones after Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy

Mohamed F Abdelhafez*

Department of Urology, University Hospital Tübingen, Eberhard-Karls University, Tübingen, Germany

*Corresponding Author:
Mohamed F Abdelhafez
Urologist, Department of Urology
University Hospital Tübingen
Eberhard-Karls University, Tübingen, Germany
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date June 29, 2013; Accepted date September 16, 2013; Published date September 20, 2013

Citation: Abdelhafez M F (2013) Residual Stones after Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy. Med Surg Urol 2:115. doi: 10.4172/2168-9857.1000115

Copyright: © 2013 Abdelhafez M F. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


 Current EAU guide recommend the PCNL as the gold standard procedure for stones larger than 2 cm and stones larger than 1 cm if in the lower calyx in patients with unfavorable factors for SWL. Residual fragments are commonly seen after both, ESWL and after intracorporeal lithotripsy. The incidence of residual stones after PCNL ranges from 10% to 60%. But some of these studies with high success rate established the clinically insignificant residual fragments (CIRF) as being stone free. The ability to detect residual fragments is dependent on the imaging modality and this gives different outcomes when different modalities used to assess the stone free rate. Residual stones worth to be more studied because it gives rise to two major problems namely regrowth and recurrent urinary tract infection. The

residual stones may pass spontaneously; remain silent with no growth, become symptomatic with pain, heamaturia, infection and obstruction or act as a nidus and increase in size. Although routine imaging follow up is mandatory and is recommended by the EAU there are no current scheduled programs for follow up. In this mini review we tried to address the residual stones after PCNL in the literature regarding definition, incidence, diagnosis, fate and the possible methods of management.


Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2018-19
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

+1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A


[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


porn sex

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

Gaziantep Escort

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A


[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037


James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

mp3 indir

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals


Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T


[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

© 2008- 2018 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
Leave Your Message 24x7