Resources and Water Sharing in the Oasis of Beni Abbes (Southwest of Algeria); Oasis System in DeclineRezzoug Cherif1*, Remini Boualem2 and Hamoudi Saaed3
- *Corresponding Author:
- Cherif R
Department of Hydraulics
University of Chlef,02000 Chlef, Algeria
Tel: +213 (0) 27 72 24 12
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: February 02, 2017; Accepted date: June 01, 2017; Published date: June 10, 2017
Citation: Cherif R, Boualem R, Saaed H (2017) Resources and Water Sharing in the Oasis of Beni Abbes (Southwest of Algeria); Oasis System in Decline. Adv Recycling Waste Manag 3:133. doi:10.4172/2475-7675.1000133
Copyright: © 2017 Cherif R, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Water plays a major role in the Algerian Sahara; it is the main cause of sustaining life of all living in an arid environment. Farmers in Beni Abbes exploiting groundwater for irrigation and to supply the urban center of the oasis, now the size of the palm grove of Beni Abbes shrink by over 50%, that is to say from 40 hectares to 20 hectares only, the oasis suffers from several causes of degradation, which are many: the overexploitation of groundwater aquifers by the anarchical use of pumps and boreholes,salinity of water and soil after the lowering of the groundwater level, the narrowness of the land due to inheritance, the negligence of the earth by the youth due to lack of their production efficiency. The fellahs of the oasis used several traditional techniques to bring water from the groundwater aquifers to its land and dwellings, as foggaras, the pendulum wells (shadoof wells), the accumulations basins and open channels (seguias). Our objective of this work is to study the current state of the oasis and the impact of the use of modern irrigation systems on water and soil of the oasis.