Respiratory-Related Medical Admissions in a Tertiary Institution in South-Western Nigeria
Received Date: Jan 22, 2018 / Accepted Date: Feb 07, 2018 / Published Date: Jan 15, 2018
Background: Globally, respiratory diseases are common causes of medical admissions. Our objective was to determine the causes and outcome of respiratory diseases in our facility for health planning, policy formulation and allocation of resources.
Method: A retrospective study of all respiratory-related admissions between January 2011 and December 2015. Classification of diseases was based on the ICD-10 coding system.
Results: Respiratory-related admissions accounted for 460 (12%) of all medical cases with a slight male preponderance of 1.4 to 1. Mean age of patients was 50.4 ± 20.8 years. The majority 342 (74.3%) of these admissions were due to communicable respiratory diseases. Pulmonary tuberculosis (44.1%) and pneumonia (28.9%) accounted for the highest admissions which were closely followed by COPD (11.1%) and asthma (7.2%). The commonest co-morbidity was HIV/AIDS (12.3%) which also coexisted with other diseases in most cases of mortality. The median hospital-stay was 7 days. Most diseases had peak presentations during the dry season except bronchial asthma with rainy and dry peak seasons. The overall mortality was 17.6% and the highest mortalities were recorded in patients who had pulmonary tuberculosis (55.5%), pneumonia (20.9%) and COPD (8.6%).
Conclusion: Communicable respiratory diseases are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Scaling up on coverage of the control programmes as well as the methodical integration of non-communicable diseases into already existing control programmes will further strengthen the health-care systems in resource-limited settings.
Keywords: Mortality; Morbidity; Respiratory diseases; Medical admissions; TB/HIV; Nigeria
Citation: Adeoti AO, Fadare JO, Ajayi EA, Adekeye KA, Akolawole MA (2018) Respiratory-Related Medical Admissions in a Tertiary Institution in South-Western Nigeria. J Gen Pract (Los Angel) 6: 352. Doi: 10.4172/2329-9126.1000352
Copyright: ©2018 Adeoti AO, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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