Results of Investigations for Tuberculosis in Patients with Serpiginous Like Choroiditis in Comparison to Patients with Central Serous Retinopathy and Non-Serpiginous Uveitis
|Pradeep Venkatesh*, Sirisha Vinzamuri, Rohan Chawla, Rajpal and Sat Pal Garg|
|Department of Ophthalmology, Dr Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India|
|Corresponding Author :||Dr. Pradeep Venkatesh
Department of Ophthalmology
Dr Rajendra Prasad Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences
All India Institute of Medical Sciences
New Delhi, India 110029
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received: November 25, 2015; Accepted: January 18, 2016; Published: January 25, 2016|
|Citation: Venkatesh P, Vinzamuri S, Chawla R, Rajpal, Garg SP (2016) Results of Investigations for Tuberculosis in Patients with Serpiginous Like Choroiditis in Comparison to Patients with Central Serous Retinopathy and Non-Serpiginous Uveitis. J Med Diagn Meth 5:194. doi:10.4172/2168-9784.1000194|
|Copyright: © 2016 Venkatesh P, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
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Background: To compare results of tuberculosis investigations in cases of serpiginous like choroiditis (SC), central serous retinopathy (CSR) and non serpiginous uveitis.
Methods: 40 patients each of SC (Group 1), CSR (Group 2) and other non serpiginous uveitis (Group 3) were studied. Mantoux test and chest radiography results were compared. P values for the results were calculated by using a Pearson Chi-square test and Fisher exact test. P value ≤0.05 was considered significant.
Results: 56/120 patients (53.3%) were Mantoux positive. 23/40 were Mantoux positive in Group 1, 17/40 positive in Group 2 and 16/40 positive in Group 3. Difference between the groups was not statistically significant (p=0.237). On chest radiography four in Group 1, three in Group 2 and five in Group 3 had past evidence of extraocular tuberculosis (p=0.757).
Conclusions: Mantoux positivity was similar in SC, central serous retinopathy and non serpiginous uveitis patients. In a country like India where tuberculosis is endemic, Mantoux positivity alone cannot be considered as a major criterion for making a diagnosis of presumed ocular tuberculosis.