Review of Taro (Colocasia esculenta) Genetics and BreedingDejene Taddesse Banjaw*
Department of Horticulture, Institute of Ethiopian Agriculture on Horticultural Crops, Ethiopia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Dejene Taddesse Banjaw
Department of Horticulture
Institute of Ethiopian Agriculture on Horticultural Crops, Ethiopia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: February 20, 2017; Accepted Date: March 21, 2017; Published Date: March 30, 2017
Citation: Banjaw DT (2017) Review of Taro (Colocasia esculenta) Genetics and Breeding. J Hortic 4:196. doi: 10.4172/2376-0354.1000196
Copyright: © 2017 Banjaw DT. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Germplasm screening, characterization and genetic improvement activities play great role in production and productivity of crops. Crop genetic evaluation can be conducted by morphological or molecular techniques and the available result has wide application in agriculture. Beside, appropriate breeding methods help to develop desirable plant character for further utilization depending on the identified gaps. Better understanding of crop genetic characteristics and breeding methods are useful in germplasm collection, conservation and utilization particularly in case of root and tuber crops. Different scientific findings on taro genetic characterization and breeding achievements were reviewed in this paper for further understanding and information dissemination. It was characterized largely based on morphological characters and few on molecular techniques and in both presence of variability that can be used in improvement programs was reported. Classical and modern taro breeding approaches utilized resulted in high yielding variety, disease resistant variety and drought resistant cultivar.