alexa Review of Topical Lightening Agents
ISSN: 2376-0427

Dermatology and Dermatologic Diseases
Open Access

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Previously: Journal of Pigmentary Disorders

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Review Article

Review of Topical Lightening Agents

Shuba Dharmana*
Evangelist Le’Jeune Medspa, Bangalore, India
Corresponding Author : Dr. Shuba Dharmana
Le’Jeune Medspa, 52, Vittal Mallya Road, 1st floor
Bangalore, 560 001, India
Tel: +91 9845104890
E-mail: [email protected]
Received September 05, 2014; Accepted October 20, 2014; Published October 24, 2014
Citation: Dharmana S (2014) Review of Topical Lightening Agents. Pigmentary Disorders 1:145. doi:10.4172/2376-0427.1000145
Copyright: © 2014 Dharmana S. The terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Hyperpigmentation occurs when there is an increase in melanin content in the skin. It can be localised i.e. limited to a certain area or it can be diffuse i.e. occurring all over the body. Localised form of hyperpigmentation can happen as a result of injury or inflammation from conditions such as Acne, contact dermatitis, lupus etc known as post inflammatory hyperpigmentation or Melasma. Diffuse generally results from a systemic disease, drug or neoplasm. Localised hyperpigmentation like PIH and melasma can lead to a lot of psychological distress with skin type IV and above being particularly susceptible. It is not only important to find the cause of pigmentation in order to arrest further progression but it is also important to treat the pigmented lesions. Further prevention should advocate the use of daily sun protection with sunscreen agents and other sun avoidance measures.

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