Rhythm and Lyrics of Rap Music Do Not Change Narcissistic Personality StateKristen M Craft and Robert JF Elsner*
Erskine College, Due West, USA
- Corresponding Author:
- Robert Elsner
PO Box 338, 2 Washington Street
Due West, SC 29639 USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: March 21, 2017; Accepted date: April 21, 2017; Published date: April 29, 2017
Citation:Craft KM, Elsner RJF (2017) Rhythm and Lyrics of Rap Music Do Not Change Narcissistic Personality State. J Psychol Psychother 7:294. doi:10.4172/2161-0487.1000294
Copyright: © 2017 Craft KM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Rap music often projects antisocial ideals that may influence personality state. This study sought to discover if exposure to the lyrics of rap music influence narcissistic personality state as measured by the 16-item Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI-16). Participants (n=112) recruited from a small college in the southeastern United States took the NPI-16 before and after listening to rap music in one of three lyrical conditions: French, antisocial English and prosocial English. Changes in scores on the NPI-16 before and after listening showed no significant difference among three lyrical conditions using a repeated measures ANOVA, suggesting that the lyrical content of a song did not influence a person’s likelihood of exhibiting narcissistic traits. The findings of this study call the results of previous literature into question, implying that the ill effects associated with listening to rap music are derived from other musical elements or psychosocial influences that should be further explored.