Risk Assessment of Animal Infectious Diseases and Decision Making ProcessMassimo Giangaspero1* and Satoshi Sekiguchi2
- *Corresponding Author:
- Massimo Giangaspero DVM, MSc, PhD
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
University of Teramo
Piazza Aldo Moro 45
64100 Teramo, Italy
Email: [email protected]
Received date: March 04, 2016; Accepted date: March 31, 2016; Published date: April 07, 2016
Citation: Giangaspero M, Sekiguchi S (2016) Risk Assessment of Animal Infectious Diseases and Decision Making Process. Clin Microbiol 5:242. doi:10.4172/2327-5073.1000242
Copyright: © 2016 Giangaspero M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
With the aim to present advances in risk assessment of animal diseases, recent methods have been considered in a brief review. Various initiatives relating to the risk assessment of animal diseases for categorisation and prioritisation have been undertaken with the objective to provide decision-makers with elements of priority for the application of optimal prevention and control measures. Theoretically, a technical approach should be harmonized and internationally recognized. However, methodologies remain complex, and different fields of applications (for example animal species, production systems) multiply variants. Local dimension play an essential role for the definition of a final result, often not necessarily comparable with results obtained when considering different geographical realities. Furthermore, other elements, as political or cultural aspects, may influence final decisions taken by competent authorities. Nevertheless, further efforts will be needed to harmonize procedural tools. In conclusion, despite methodological limits, the application of categorization and prioritization protocols represents a precious support for the competent authorities in relation to the various aspects of animal health management, from legislation, surveillance, or control measures.