alexa Risk Associated with Malaria Infection in Tihama Qahtan
ISSN: 2470-6965

Malaria Control & Elimination
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Research Article

Risk Associated with Malaria Infection in Tihama Qahtan, Aseer Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: 2006-2007

Alshahrani AM1,2*, Abdelgader TM1,2, Mohya M2, Jubran S1, Abdoon AMO3, Daffalla AA4, Babiker A5, Kyalo D6, Noor AM6,7, Al-Zahrani MH8 and Snow RW6,7

1Vector Control Administration, Aseer Health Affairs Directorate, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

2Aseer General Directorate of Health Affairs, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

3Public Health Directorate, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

4Deanship of Scientific Research, Jazan University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

5Tropical Medicine Research Institute, National Centre for Research, Sudan

6Spatial Health Metrics Group, Kenya Medical Research Institute-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya

7Centre for Tropical Medicine & Global Health, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

8National Malaria Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

*Corresponding Author:
Alshahrani AM
Vector Control Administration
Aseer Health Affairs Directorate
Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date April 04, 2016; Accepted date April 26, 2016; Published date April 30, 2016

Citation: Alshahrani AM, Abdelgader TM, Mohya M, Jubran S, Abdoon AMO,et al.(2016) Risk Associated with Malaria Infection in Tihama Qahtan, Aseer Region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: 2006-2007 . Malaria Contr Elimination 5:144. doi:10.4172/2470-6965.1000144

Copyright: © 2016 Alshahrani AM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Introduction: Since 2004, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has pursued a policy of malaria elimination. The distribution of malaria at this time was constrained to regions located in the South Western part of the country. The present study aimed to understand the risk of malaria infection and factors associated with these events between March 2006 and August 2007 in one part of Aseer region.
Methods: The study was carried out in Tihama Qahtan area in the far southeastern part of Aseer, historically the most malaria endemic area of this region. The area covers 54 villages served by three primary health care centres (Wadi Alhayah, Alfarsha and Albuqaa). Malaria cases were detected using passive case detection (PCD) at the three health centres for 18 months from March 2006, each positive case was investigated using patient and household level enquiries. In addition, four cross-sectional surveys in 12 villages were undertaken using rapid diagnostic tests within the catchments of each health centre coinciding with malaria transmission seasons.
Results: Among 1840 individuals examined in the PCD survey, 49 (2.7%) were positive for malaria, most were Plasmodium falciparum cases and one was a P. vivax case. The majority of these infections were likely to have been acquired outside of the area and represent imported cases, including those from the neighboring region of Jazan. Among the 18 locally acquired cases, the majority were adult males who slept outdoors. 3623 individuals were screened during the cross-sectional surveys, 16 (0.44%) were positive and infections only detected during peak, potential transmission periods.
Conclusion: There was evidence of local malaria transmission in the Tihama Qahtan area in 2006-2007, however prevalence and incidence of new infections was very low, making the future ambitions of elimination biologically feasible. The constant source of imported infections must be considered in the area’s elimination ambitions, alongside strong behavioural community messages about sleeping outdoors unprotected and travel to malaria endemic areas outside the region.

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