alexa Risk Factors Associated with Asthma among Saudi Adults in Najran | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2472-1247

Journal of Clinical Respiratory Diseases and Care
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  • Research Article   
  • J Clin Respir Dis Care, Vol 3(3): 133
  • DOI: 10.4172/2472-1247.1000133

Risk Factors Associated with Asthma among Saudi Adults in Najran

Elfaki NK1* and Shiby AY2
1Community Health Nursing Department, Nursing College, Najran University, Saudi Arabia
2Dept. of Medical-Surgical Nursing, Nursing College, Najran University, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author : Elfaki NK, Community Health Nursing Department, Nursing College, Najran University, Saudi Arabia, Tel: (00966) 5031 51008, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Oct 24, 2017 / Accepted Date: Nov 15, 2017 / Published Date: Nov 22, 2017

Abstract

Background: Asthma is a chronic illness that affects people of all ages. Its prevalence has risen over the last few decades in Saudi Arabia. The aim of this study was to explore the common risk factors that associated with asthma among Saudi adults in Najran during the period December 2016 to October 2017. One hundred eighty four patients who were over 18 years of age and who had a diagnosis of definite asthma (cases), beside another 184 healthy individuals as control group, that matched the cases in terms of age and sex constituted the study sample. A questionnaire as a tool of data collection was completed by cases as well as from controls. It was consisting of data that include personal, familial and indoor environmental factors that could be potential risk factors for asthma. The mean ages for cases and controls were 21.3 (± 16.5) and 21.7 (± 16.8) years respectively. Each group consisted of 108 (58.7%) males beside 76 (43.3%) females. There were no significant association between asthma occurrence and level of education and indoor plants with P-value >0.05. On the other hand, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that family history (OR=5.01 and CI=2.09-8.42), using sprays of insecticides or air fresheners (OR=8.5, CI=2.34-11.09), as well as rhinitis (OR=4.76, CI=2.19-6.45) were significantly associated with asthma occurrence. Additionally, active or passive smoking was significantly (P-value= 0.041 and 0.012) associated with asthma among adults in Najran. It was concluded that family history, smoking, allergic rhinitis and smoking among the most risk factors for developing asthma among Saudi adults. Further studies for investigating other factors were recommended. Moreover, health education programs for educating people about the risk factors, preventive measures, early diagnosis and proper management were highly recommended.

Keywords: Asthma; Allergy; Risk factors; Saudi adults

Citation: Elfaki NK, Shiby AY (2017) Risk Factors Associated with Asthma among Saudi Adults in Najran. J Clin Respir Dis Care 3: 133. Doi: 10.4172/2472-1247.1000133

Copyright: © 2017 Elfaki NK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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