alexa Risk Factors for Hypocalcemia following Treatment with Denosumab in Patients with Bone Metastases from Prostate Cancer
ISSN: 2167-0870

Journal of Clinical Trials
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Risk Factors for Hypocalcemia following Treatment with Denosumab in Patients with Bone Metastases from Prostate Cancer

Dai Koguchi1*, Takefumi Satoh1, Hideyasu Tsumura1, Ken-ichi Tabata1, Teppei Oyama1, Wataru Ishikawa2, Shoji Hirai2, Norio Maru2, Miyoko Okazaki3, Shiro Baba1 and Masatsugu Iwamura1
1Department of Urology, Kitasato University School of Medicine, Kanagawa, Japan
2Department of Urology, Sagamidai Hospital, Kanagawa, Japan
3Department of Pharmacy, Kitasato University Hospital, Kanagawa, Japan
Corresponding Author : Dai Koguchi
Department of Urology, Kitasato University
School of Medicine, 1-15-1 Minami-ku Sagamihara
Kanagawa, 252-0374, Japan
Tel: +81-42-778-9091
Fax:
+81-42-778-9374
E-mail:
[email protected]
Received: January 20, 2016 Accepted: February 15, 2016 Published: February 22, 2016
Citation: Koguchi D, Satoh T, Tsumura H, Tabata KI, Oyama T, et al. (2016) Risk Factors for Hypocalcemia following Treatment with Denosumab in Patients with Bone Metastases from Prostate Cancer. J Clin Trials 6:251. doi:10.4172/2167-0870.1000251
Copyright: © 2016 Koguchi D, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate risk factors for Denosumab-induced hypocalcemia in prostate cancer patients with bone metastases.
Methods: In this single-arm, open-label, prospective multicenter study, 48 prostate cancer patients with bone metastases received Denosumab (120 mg on day 1) and androgen-deprivation therapy. Serum calcium, albumin, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and phosphate levels; chronic kidney disease stage; and serum prostate specific antigen and urine N-terminal telopeptide (u-NTx) levels were examined. Patients were divided into 2 groups on the basis of whether or not they developed hypocalcemia at 1 week or 1 month after Denosumab administration. Risk factors for hypocalcemia were determined by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis.
Results: Nineteen patients (39.6%) demonstrated hypocalcemia at 1 week after Denosumab administration, and 16 (33.3%) were hypocalcemic at 1 month. Patients with hypocalcemia at 1 week had higher baseline serum ALP levels (1283.4 ± 1489.7 [mean ± SD] vs 467.3 ± 655.8, P=0.013) than patients without hypocalcemia. Patients with hypocalcemia at 1 month had higher baseline serum ALP (1455.5 ± 1694.1, P=0.002) and u-NTx levels (190.9 ± 63.9, P=0.013) and more bone metastases (extent of disease grade ≥ 3; 10 patients, 20.8%, P=0.006) at baseline than patients without hypocalcemia. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that baseline u-NTx of >100 nmol bone collagen equivalents/mmol creatinine was a significant independent risk factor for hypocalcemia (odds ratio=12.41, 95% confidence interval=1.059-145.600, P=0.049).
Conclusions: Baseline u-NTx level is an independent risk factor for Denosumab-induced hypocalcemia in prostate cancer patients with bone metastases.

Keywords

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords