alexa Risk Factors for Undernutrition in Children under Five Years Old: Evidence from the 2011 Ghana Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey
ISSN 2155-6113

Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Risk Factors for Undernutrition in Children under Five Years Old: Evidence from the 2011 Ghana Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey

Ronald Welaga Miah1, Paschal Awingura Apanga2* and Zakia Abdul-Haq3

1Asante Akim North District Health Directorate, Ghana Health Service, Ashanti Region, Ghana

2Talensi District Hospital, Ghana Health Service, Talensi, Ghana

3School of Health and Related Research (ScHARR), University of Sheffield, UK

*Corresponding Author:
Paschal Awingura Apanga
Talensi District Hospital, Ghana Health Service, Talensi, Ghana
Tel: +233249667938
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: May 24, 2016; Accepted date: June 02, 2016; Published date: June 09, 2016

Citation: Miah RW, Apanga PA, Abdul-Haq Z (2016) Risk Factors for Undernutrition in Children under Five Years Old: Evidence from the 2011 Ghana Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey. J AIDS Clin Res 7:585. doi:10.4172/2155-6113.1000585

Copyright: © 2016 Miah RW, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Background: Undernutrition is a major public health problem affecting the physical and mental development of infants and young children in Ghana. Inadequate dietary intakes and the prevalence of infections have largely been implicated. This study was conducted to assess the risk factors for Undernutrition in Children under-five years old in Ghana.

Methods: This was a secondary data analysis of the 2011 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey which included anthropometric measurements of children under five years old. Using the modified United Nations Children's Emergency Fund conceptual framework for undernutrition, the variables of interest were extracted and classified into biological and non-biological variables. Bivariate and logistic regression analysis was conducted using SPSS 21 to identify the risk factors for stunting, underweight and wasting.

Results: The survey recruited 7,550 children, 22.7% were stunted, 13.4% were underweight and 6.2% were wasted. Child age, gender, reported size at child birth, breastfeeding status, having diarrhoea or fever in the preceding two weeks, number of children in the household, child health insurance status, household wealth, and ethnicity and religion of household health and region were risk factors for undernutrition. However, only child age and sex were risk factors for all three indicators (stunting, underweight and wasting).

Conclusion: Undernutrition in Ghana is a multi-sectorial problem largely influenced by the social determinants of health and health inequalities. To reduce the prevalence of undernutrition in Ghana, strategies and interventions should be targeted at building the capacity of health staff and strengthening existing systems. This should include intensifying public health messages on child care, integration and collaboration with key stakeholders in addressing socio-economic inequalities of households and communities as well as the regional discrepancies.


Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading Please wait..
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals


[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version