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Role of Dietary Components in Modulating Hypertension | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2155-9880

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Cardiology
Open Access

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Review Article

Role of Dietary Components in Modulating Hypertension

Andrew Feyh1, Lucas Bracero1, Hari Vishal Lakhani2, Prasanna Santhanam1, Joseph I Shapiro1, Zeid Khitan1, and Komal Sodhi3*
1Department of Medicine, Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine, Marshall University, USA
2Department of Biological Science, Marshall University, USA
3Department of Surgery and Pharmacology, Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine, Marshall University, USA
*Corresponding Author : Komal Sodhi
Assistant Professor of Surgery and Pharmacology
Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine, Marshall University
Huntington, WV 25701, USA
Tel: 304 691-1700
Fax: 914 347-4956
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: March 28, 2016; Accepted date: April 14, 2016; Published date: April 24, 2016
Citation: Feyh A, Bracero L, Lakhani HV, Santhanam P, Shapiro JI, et al. (2016) Role of Dietary Components in Modulating Hypertension. J Clin Exp Cardiolog 7:433. doi:10.4172/2155-9880.1000433
Copyright: © 2016 Feyh A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Hypertension is a major health issue, particularly in medically underserved populations that may suffer from poor health literacy, poverty, and limited access to healthcare resources. Management of the disease reduces the risk of adverse outcomes, such as cardiovascular or cerebrovascular events, vision impairment due to retinal damage, and renal failure. In addition to pharmacological therapy, lifestyle modifications such as diet and exercise are effective in managing hypertension. Current diet guidelines include the DASH diet, a low-fat and low-sodium diet that encourages high consumption of fruits and vegetables. While the diet is effective in controlling hypertension, adherence to the diet is poor and there are few applicable dietary alternatives, which is an issue that can arise from poor health literacy in at-risk populations. The purpose of this review is to outline the effect of specific dietary components, both positive and negative, when formulating a dietary approach to hypertension management that ultimately aims to improve patient adherence to the treatment, and achieve better control of hypertension.

Keywords

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