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ISSN: 2378-5756

Journal of Psychiatry
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Review Article

Role of Early Childhood Traumatic Stress in the Development of PTSD in Adulthood: A Review

Mansoor Ahmad Dar1*, Rayees Ahmad Wani1, Mushtaq Ahmad Margoob1, Inaamul Haq2, Rajesh Kumar Chandel1, Arshad Hussain1, Khurshid Ahmad Bhat3, Irfan Ahmad Shah4, Yasir Hassan Rather1, Majid Shafi Shah1, Altaf Ahmad Malla1 and Bilal Ahmad Bhat1

1Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India

2Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India

3Department of Orthopaedics, Government Medical College, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India

4Department of Neurology,Sher-e-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences , Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India

*Corresponding Author:
Mansoor Ahmad Dar
Senior Resident
Department of Psychiatry
Government Medical College
Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir
India, 190003
Tel: 009596010111
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: October 10, 2014; Accepted Date: February 27, 2015; Published Date: March 08, 2015

Citation: Dar MA, Wani RA, Margoob MA, Haq I, Chandel RK et al., (2015) Role of Early Childhood Traumatic Stress in the Development of PTSD in Adulthood: A Review. J Psychiatry 18:264 doi: 10.4172/Psychiatry.1000264

Copyright: © 2015 Dar MA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

Abstract

Traumatic stress has been known through ages and children make a significant group to face it. Vast research has been done in traumatic stress to show the cause effect relationship. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been recognized subsequent to trauma and has been invariably linked to it. Besides PTSD, there have been a multitude of psychopathologies attributed to childhood traumas. Short-term effects of childhood traumas are studied in depth but the long-term effects are subject to a variety of risk and protective factors. Childhood maltreatment and other cumulative traumas are shown to cause a spectrum of anxiety disorders and mood disorders besides others; in contrast to single traumas of childhood mainly presenting as PTSD as a pathology. Re-trauma in adulthood of these early traumatized children seems to be a risk factor for PTSD and other pathologies. Significant neurobiological changes (structural and genetic) have been shown to occur in adults with childhood traumatic experiences. Resilience has been significant and has been seen more developed in children with effective parenting, stable families, adequate social support, spirituality and humour. Positive self-esteem, ego flexibility, and ego over-control are protective. These protective practices need to be identified and promoted in children with special emphasis in those having experienced traumatic stress.

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