alexa Role of Essential Drug List in Effective Management of
ISSN: 2167-7689

Pharmaceutical Regulatory Affairs: Open Access
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Review Article

Role of Essential Drug List in Effective Management of Essential Anti- Malarial Drugs in Healthcare System of Pakistan Challenges in Policy Development to Practice

Madeeha Malik1*, Azhar Hussain1, Shaffiq M1, Mohamed Azmi Ahmad Hassali2 and Asrul Akmal Shafie2

1Hamdard Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences Hamdard University Islamabad Campus 23-East, Fazal-ul-Haq Road Blue Area, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan

2Discipline of Social and Administrative Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang, Malaysia

Corresponding Author:
Madeeha Malik
B-Pharm (Hons), M-Phil (Pharmacy), PhD
Hamdard Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences Hamdard University Islamabad Campus 23-East
Fazal-ul-Haq Road Blue Area, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
Tel: 92-21-36440035-40
E-mail: [email protected]

Received February 12, 2014; Accepted March 16, 2014; Published March 23, 2014

Citation: Malik M, Hussain A, Shaffiq M, Hassali MAA, Shafie AA (2014) Role of Essential Drug List in Effective Management of Essential Anti-Malarial Drugs in Healthcare System of Pakistan Challenges in Policy Development to Practice. Pharmaceut Reg Affairs 3:120. doi: 10.4172/2167-7689.1000120

Copyright: © 2014 Malik M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Background: Essential anti-malarial drugs are often not available in healthcare facilities when patients need them. Objective: The study aimed to assess role of essential drug list in drug management including availability and stock outs of anti-malarial drugs among public and private primary, secondary and tertiary healthcare facilities in two cities of Pakistan; Islamabad (Federal capital) and Rawalpindi (twin city). Methods: A comparative, cross-sectional study was designed to evaluate the availability, stock outs and management of anti-malarial drugs records in fifty public and private primary, secondary and tertiary healthcare facilities in the twin cities, namely Islamabad (Federal capital) and Rawalpindi. Pre-validated tools i.e. WHO facility indicator form and USAID inventory indicator and drug stock outs form were used to collect data. A structured questionnaire was designed for data collection on drug management from the personnel involved in drug management among both public and private primary, secondary and tertiary healthcare facilities. After the data collection, data was coded and analyzed by using SPSS version 16. Results: Essential drug list was not available in any of the healthcare facility. Chloroquine and sulfadoxine/ pyrimethamine tablets were the most commonly available anti-malarial drugs in most of the public and private tertiary, secondary and primary healthcare facilities. On the other hand chloroquine injections were not available in any of the public or private tertiary, secondary and primary healthcare facility. Major stock-outs of anti-malarial drugs were seen in both healthcare facilities but the situation was more prevalent in the public healthcare facilities. Conclusion: The results of the present study conclude that drug management follows different methods in both public and private healthcare facilities in the twin cities. Gaps in drug management including procurement, quantification, inventory control and drug stock outs must be addressed to improve the availability of drugs in healthcare system of Pakistan.

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords