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ISSN: 2155-9899

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology
Open Access

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Review Article

Role of Fecal Calprotectin in Monitoring Response to Therapy in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Antonella Gallo*, Antonio Gasbarrini, Giovanna Passaro, Raffaele Landolfi and Massimo Montalto
Institute of Internal Medicine, Catholic University, Rome, Italy
Corresponding Author : Antonella Gallo, MD
Institute of Internal Medicine
Catholic University of Sacred Heart
Largo Gemelli, 8 – 00168, Rome, Italy
Tel: +39 (0)6 3015 4334
Fax: +39 (0)6 35502775
E-mail: [email protected]
Received May 13, 2014; Accepted August 23, 2014; Published September 01, 2014
Citation: Gallo A, Gasbarrini A, Passaro G, Landolfi R, Montalto M (2014) Role of Fecal Calprotectin in Monitoring Response to Therapy in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. J Clin Cell Immunol 5:252. doi: 10.4172/2155-9899.1000252
Copyright: © 2014 Gallo A et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are chronic intestinal disorders characterized by a typically relapsing course. Disease flares occur in a random way and are often unpredictable. In search to provide noninvasive, cheap and rapid methods able to help in diagnosis and monitoring of IBD activity, within the last years, fecal neutrophil-granular proteins, like calprotectin, have been largely studied. Different studies showed a good diagnostic accuracy of fecal calprotectin (FC) in IBDs and a close correlation between levels of this marker and degree of IBD activity.

More recently, emerging interest has rising on the role of FC in assessing response to therapy and predicting relapse in IBD. We performed a MEDLINE search for more recent articles published on this topic.

Encouraging results show that FC represents a reliable monitoring tool to assess response to treatment, significantly more accurate than serum markers and clinical parameters. Normalization of FC concentrations (FCCs) results as an accurate indicator of endoscopic healing. FC also appears to have a good diagnostic precision in predicting IBD relapse, possibly more in ulcerative colitis than in Crohn’s disease.

However, mainly for this last topic, available evidences, although promising, are still heterogeneous and not sufficiently strong. Assessment of usefulness and predictive value of FC according to different medications, frequency of determinations, the establishment of validated cut-off, should be better evaluated in larger and prospective studies.
 

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