alexa Role of Novel Oral Anticoagulants in Primary and Second
ISSN: 2329-8790

Journal of Hematology & Thromboembolic Diseases
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Review Article

Role of Novel Oral Anticoagulants in Primary and Secondary Thromboprophylaxis in Cancer

Elizabeth Bowhay-Carnes*, Anand Karnad, Subrata Haldar, John Sarantopoulos and Sumit Madan
Cancer Therapy and Research Center, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 7703 Floyd Curl Drive, San Antonio, TX, 78229-3900, USA
Corresponding Author : Elizabeth Ann Bowhay-Carnes
Cancer Therapy and Research Center
The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio
Department of Medicine
7979 Wurzbach Rd, San Antonio
Texas 78229, USA
Tel: 1-210-315-3878
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: August 27, 2015 Accepted: October 27, 2015 Published: November 03, 2015
Citation: Carnes EB, Karnad A, Haldar S, Sarantopoulos J, Madan S (2015) Role of Novel Oral Anticoagulants in Primary and Secondary Thromboprophylaxis in Cancer. J Hematol Thrombo Dis 3:222. doi:10.4172/2329-8790.1000222
Copyright: © 2015 Carnes EB, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

The development of venous thromboembolism is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with cancer. The standard treatment of deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism occurring in patients with active malignancy remains the use of low molecular weight heparins. However, in clinical practice, practitioners are frequently asked about the efficacy and safety of various new oral anticoagulants in cancer patients. In the United States, there are currently 4 different novel oral anticoagulants commercially available with the indication of the treatment of acute venous thromboembolism. These include dabigatran (Pradaxa), rivaroxaban (Xarelto), apixaban (Eliquis), and edoxaban (Savaysa). Use of these new medications is appealing due to the ease of administration, avoidance of injections, ability to use in patients with decreased renal or liver function, and consistent efficacy without fooddrug interactions. Currently, the only available data for the use of these new oral anticoagulants in cancer patients is from subgroup analysis of larger studies with no statistical significance. However, this preliminary data is encouraging that the novel oral anticoagulants may be effective and safe for primary and secondary prevention of venous thromboembolism in cancer patients. Further clinical trials are greatly needed for the head-tohead comparison of these novel oral anticoagulants versus low molecular weight heparins. Although the routine use of novel oral anticoagulants for the prevention or treatment of venous thromboembolism in cancer patients cannot be recommended at this time, we strongly support the development of Phase III trials assessing their efficacy and safety in patients with active malignancies compared to the current standard of care treatment with low molecular weight heparin.

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