Role of Saliva in Dental Practice Ã¢ÂÂ A Review
Bhumika Badiyani1, Amit Kumar2, Viral Pravin Maru3*
1Community and Preventive Dentistry, School of Dental Sciences, Karda 415539, India.
2Community and Preventive Dentistry, Sarjug Dental College and Hospital, Bihar, India
3Consulting Pedodontist, Maharashtra, Mumbai, India.
- Corresponding Author:
- Viral Pravin Maru
Consulting Pedodontist, Maharashtra, Mumbai, India.
E-mail: [email protected]
Received:25/09/2012 Revised:17/01/2013 Accepted:19/01/2013
As a diagnostic fluid, saliva offers distinctive advantages over serum because it can be collected non-invasively by individuals with modest training. Furthermore, saliva may provide a cost-effective approach for the screening of large populations. Gland-specific saliva can be used for diagnosis of pathology specific to one of the major salivary glands. Whole saliva, however, is most frequently used for diagnosis of systemic diseases, since it is readily collected and contains serum constituents. Analysis of saliva may be useful for the diagnosis of hereditary disorders, autoimmune diseases, malignant and infectious diseases, and endocrine disorders, as well as in the assessment of therapeutic levels of drugs and the monitoring of illicit drug use.