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Journal of Forensic Pathology
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Research Article

Roles of DNA Molecules in Identification of Unclaimed or Missing Dead Bodies Presumed Death in Western Kenya Utilizing Comparison Standards

Silali MB1*, Odero W1 and Rogena E2

1School of Medicine, Maseno University, Kenya

2Department of Human Pathology, University of Nairobi, Kenya

Corresponding Author:
Maurice B. Silali
School of Medicine, Maseno University, Kenya
Tel: +254720842994
Fax: 254-057-51221
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: April 10, 2017; Accepted Date: April 19, 2017; Published Date: April 24, 2017

Citation: Silali MB, Odero W, Rogena E (2017) Roles of DNA Molecules in Identification of Unclaimed or Missing Dead Bodies Presumed Death in Western Kenya Utilizing Comparison Standards. J Foren Path 2:106.

Copyright: © 2017 Silali MB, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Medico-legal form bench-mark of health determinants and provide integrated services towards criminal justice support in health. Globally, over 44 million cases of unclaimed bodies or missing dead persons (UCBOMDPs) occur annually 88% of these cases are in Sub Saharan Africa. In Kenya and western Kenya rate of UCBOMDPs from road traffic accidents accounts 30% and 10% respectively 80% of these UCBOMDPs are associated with limited access to affordable quality comparison tests for identifications attributed to the increased prevalence of health and occupational hazards in population health. The current investigations aimed at identifying UCBOMDPs from public mortuaries by quantifying demographic data and determining DNA finger print and chemical tests (electrophoresis) using comparison standards. In Exploratory and cross sectional 235 respondents were investigated through purposive and saturated sampling using Finger print forms structured questionnaires focus group discussions (FGDs) observations and key informant interviews (KII) guides to collect data. Analyzed statistical inferences and contents analysis to saturation, results showed, 94% of mortuary service providers in tier 4 were primary and secondary education drop outs of males on contract jobs with limited access to quality services in mortuary science contrarily to females and males counterparts from tiers 5 and 6 mortuary facilities on permanent and trained. Rate of gross infection in public mortuaries and congestion had significant OD (2.2, 0.44). Prevalence of male being admitted as UCBOMDPs was significant due to being family bread winners OD (8.3, 0.12), RR (0.33), 95% CI (1.23, 1.02), significance were associated with male deliberately leaving IDs in houses due to identity. Utilization of Dactylography was significant than electrophoresis method, P value (0.67), OD (4.8, 1.3) due to high costs, procedures, DNA quantifying reagents and next of kin sampling for comparisons. Need for quality service advocacy in Department of Forensic Pathology to develop subsidized functional DNA chemical structures.

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