Roller-Compacted Concrete Dams Rehabilitation in Terms of Different Problem
- *Corresponding Author:
- Orod Zarrin
Faculty of Civil Engineering
Eastern Mediterranean University, Famagusta, Cyprus
E-mail: [email protected]
Received February 13, 2016; Accepted March 07, 2016; Published March 09, 2016
Citation: Zarrin O, Shirazi MR, Moniri H, Moniri M (2016) Roller-Compacted Concrete Dams Rehabilitation in Terms of Different Problem. J Civil Environ Eng 6:221. doi:10.4172/2165-784X.1000221
Copyright: © 2016 Zarrin O, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Roller-Compacted Concrete (RCC) started in the US and Canada near 30 years ago, at that time it was a new method to construct gravity dams or rehabilitated. After passing these years, it’s become one of the popular methods in designing dams and called Roller Compacted Concrete. No slump is the specific property of the concrete of RCC dams. This type of dam needs place concrete in thin layers and compacted by roller to meet the require compaction. By one side, RCC dams can dissipate energy by stair step slope more than 70 percent of water energy and from the other side, all of the ordinary dams need to have an emergency spillway, but due to using all the length of the crest for spillway in the RCC dams, it is removed and the cost of constructing decreased. One of the most common problems which occur in the RCC dams at the beginning of its usage is hairline cracks throughout dam. This kind of cracks can start from upstream to the downstream. Rehabilitations have got several options depends on the kind of cracks and situation of cracks on dams such as drill holes, injecting grout, using different type of membrane and geomembrane, covered sealing system and covered geomembrane content. In this paper, try to investigate the different rehabilitation way of RCC in detailed and specified the best way for each kind of cracks.