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ISSN: 2376-0419

Journal of Pharmaceutical Care & Health Systems
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Research Article

Safe and Effective Use of Medicines for Ethnic Minorities - A Pharmacist- Delivered Counseling Program That Improves Adherence

Pernille Dam*, Mira El-Souri, Hanne Herborg, Lotte Stig Nørgaard, Charlotte Rossing, Morten Sodemann and Linda Aagaard Thomsen
Danish College of Pharmacy Practice, Hillerød, Denmark
Corresponding Author : Pernille Dam
Msc Public Health Science
Pharmakon-Danish College of Pharmacy Practice
Hillerød, Denmark
Tel: +4528920938
E-mail: [email protected]
Received December 15, 2015; Accepted January 20, 2015; Published January 27, 2015
Citation: Dam P, El-Souri M, Herborg H, Nørgaard LS, Rossing C, et al. (2015) Safe and Effective Use of Medicines for Ethnic Minorities - A Pharmacist-Delivered Counseling Program That Improves Adherence. J Pharma Care Health Sys 2: 128. doi:10.4172/2376-0419.1000128
Copyright: © 2015 Dam P, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Background: From studies, we know how ethnic minorities and people with reduced work ability often suffer from health problems, thus being socially disadvantaged. The municipal job centers are confronted with numerous problems related to medicine use and they lack relevant means of referral. Thus, there was a need to adapt a previously developed and validated medicine-based intervention “safe and effective use of medicines” to this vulnerable group of unemployed ethnic minority patients. Methods: The objective of this before-after study was to improve medicines adherence, health status and work ability of the target group through an individualized pharmacist delivered intervention with focus on safe and effective implementation of medical treatments. The target group was ethnic minorities of non-western origin affiliated with a job center. Results: At baseline, 35.7 % of the patients had a potential adherence behavior problem Powered by Editorial Manager® and ProduXion Manager® from Aries Systems Corporation (having an average adherence score of less than 5); at endpoint, this number had decreased to 27.3 %, meaning that 8.4 % no longer had potential adherence problems. Self-reported adherence was significantly improved on three out of four subscales (“Intentional, selfregulation” from 4.5 to 4.7, p=0.016); “Unintentional” from 3.9 to 4.2, p=0.009); “Intentional, effect-related” from 4.0 to 4.4, p=0.025; “General” 4.3 to 4.5, p=0.173.). On average, 47 % of the patients experienced improvements in concordance, due to the intervention. Conclusion: The counseling program “Safe and effective use of medicines” was successfully adapted to unemployed ethnic minority patients, and tested in a new collaboration between job centers and community pharmacies. The counseling program resulted in statistically significant improvements in self-reported adherence as well as improved concordance for approximately half of the patients. Improvements in adherence removes one barrier for returning to the work force that exists in the complex interaction between adherence, health status and work ability.

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