Safer Chulha for Rural Area Households in India
A.H.Rajanna1, D.C.Shyamala1, S.L.Belagali2
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Wide variety of epidemiological diseases occur due to adverse impact of indoor air quality. The present study was carried out to know the impact of the improved chulha during the year 2012, in three rural areas of Chamarajanagar district of Karnataka state in Southern India. A questionnaire survey was performed to recognize the impacts in daily activity patterns, socioeconomic characteristics of cooking women in the households. Indoor air quality parameters like, NOx, SOx, SPM were monitored using High Volume Air Sampler and concentrations of carbon monoxide was monitored using Gas analyzer on an hourly basis. Based on the experimental results comparative study reveals that, reduction in the concentration of NOx (51.24%), SOx (20.24%), SPM (58.69%) and CO (44.75%) and changes in socioeconomic, environmental and health impacts was taking place after installation of chulha in the studied areas and recommended to extend these improved chulha installation scheme to further rural areas in India.