Salmonella in Shell Eggs: Mechanisms, Prevention and DetectionSeockmo K1,2, Eduardo X1,2, Thomas K1,2,3 and Michael RL1,2,3*
- *Corresponding Author:
- Michael RL
Laboratory of Renewable Resources Engineering, Purdue University
500 Central Drive, West Lafayette
IN 47907-2022, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: October 30, 2015 Accepted date: January 08, 2016 Published date: January 18, 2016
Citation:Seockmo K, Eduardo X Thomas K, Michael RL (2016) Salmonella in Shell Eggs: Mechanisms, Prevention and Detection. J Nutr Sci 6:455. doi: 10.4172/2155-9600.1000455
Copyright: © 2016 Seockmo K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Contaminated shell egg is one of the key Salmonella infection routes for human, causing food-borne illnesses. Multiple salmonellosis infections due to egg contamination still occur in developed countries even though preventive methods, such as vaccination or washing followed by rinsing process, are carried out following certified national standards. Recent outbreaks indicated that current strategies for Salmonella control need to be optimized to further minimize contamination of commercial eggs. Therefore, there is a critical need to develop more sensitive and rapid Salmonella detection methods. In this review, we address (i) egg production; (ii) preventive methods that minimize contamination; (iii) mechanisms of Salmonella contamination; (iv) Salmonella detection methods.