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ISSN: 2165-8048

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Research Article

Salt Intake and Knowledge of Salt Intake in a Chinese Population: A Crosssectional Study

Ting Li1, Yu Qin2, Peian Lou1*, Guiqiu Chang1, Peipei Chen1, Cheng Qiao1, Pan Zhang1 and Ning Zhang1
1Department of Control and Prevention of Chronic Non-communicable Diseases of Xuzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 142 West Erhuan Road, Xuzhou, 221000, Jiangsu, P. R. China
2Department of Non-communicable Disease Control, Jiangsu Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 172 Jiangsu Road, Nanjing, 210009, Jiangsu, P. R. China
*Corresponding Author : Lou P
Department of Control and Prevention of Non-communicable
Diseases of Xuzhou Centre for Diseases Control and Prevention
142 West Erhuan Road, Xuzhou-221000
Jiangsu, P. R China
Tel: +86-516-8595-6785
Fax: +86-516-8959-6797
E-mail: [email protected]
Received March 08, 2015; Accepted March 10, 2015; Published March 17, 2015
Citation: Li T, Qin Y, Lou P, Chang G, Chen P, et al. (2015) Salt Intake and Knowledge of Salt Intake in a Chinese Population: A Cross-sectional Study. Intern Med 5:186. doi:10.4172/2165-8048.1000186
Copyright: © 2015 Li T, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Consuming too much salt greatly increases the risk of heart disease and stroke, and limited studies focused on knowledge of salt intake in relation to salt consumption. Our study aimed to investigate salt intake and knowledge of salt intake in a Chinese population. Altogether 42114 adults aged 18 years and above were selected by multi-stage cluster sampling method. Salt consumption and knowledge of salt intake were assessed by self-reported questionnaire. The average salt intake was 15.5 ± 11.9 g/d, and 85.2% of subjects with excessive salt intake. Almost 80% of dietary salt came from salt, followed by salty vegetable (13.5%) and soy sauce (3.3%). There were 28.3% participants knowing the National recommended salt intake, and 29.7% with knowledge of excess salt intake resulting in hypertension. Overall 57.6% participants had ever been received health education on low-salt diet. After adjustment of confounders, subjects without knowledge of salt intake had a higher risk of excessive salt intake. Salt intake is high in the Chinese population. Awareness of salt intake is low, and it is inappropriate with current health education.

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