Sand Fly Vectors of Leishmania in the Americas - A Mini ReviewReginaldo Peçanha Brazil*, Andressa A Fuzzari Rodrigues and José D Andrade Filho
Parasitic Diseases Laboratory, Oswaldo Cruz Institute and Study Group on Leishmaniasis, Fiocruz, Brazil
- *Corresponding Author:
- Reginaldo P Brazil
Parasitic Diseases Laboratory
Oswaldo Cruz Institute and
Study Group on Leishmaniasis Fiocruz, Brazil
Tel: 21 2562 1058
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: December 19, 2014; Accepted date: January 05, 2015; Published date: January 07, 2015
Citation: Brazil RP, Rodrigues AAF, Filho JDA (2015) Sand Fly Vectors of Leishmania in the Americas - A Mini Review. Entomol Ornithol Herpetol 4:144. doi:10.4172/2161-0983.1000144
Copyright: © 2015 Brazil RP, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Phlebotominae sand flies are natural hosts of various microorganisms including etiological agents of diseases of medical and veterinary importance such as viruses, bacteria and protozoa. Parasites of the genus Leishmania is widely spread around the world and are pathogenic to man, wild and domestic animals with a variety of species and, in most cases, a specific vectors. In the Neotropical region nearly 530 species of sand flies are known and this current review updates the information on the vectors of leishmaniases in the Americas.